Amber is formed from tree resin millions of years ago. Amber has been appreciated for its colour and natural beauty since Neolithic times. Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects. Amber is used as an ingredient in perfumes, as a healing agent in folk medicine, and as jewellery.
It was reported that hundreds of prehistoric insects and other creatures have been discovered in a large haul of amber excavated from a coalmine in western India. An international team of fossil hunters recovered 150kg of the dirty brown resin from Cambay Shale in Gujarat province, making it one of the largest amber collections on record. The tiny animals became entombed in the fossilised tree resin some 52m years ago, before the Indian subcontinent crunched into Asia to produce the Himalayan mountain range.
|Jewelry items made from amber|
Good amber bracelets are sold for hundreds of dollars per gram. Some rare species can cost thousands of dollars per gram. The clear and transparent beads of amber have a diversity in colour, from yellow, blue to red. Some of the beads come with insects, leaves and many other debris trapped inside the amber as it was formed million of years ago.
|A very good bracelet of ancient amber|
|A mosquito inside the amber|